CE8302 – NOTES & QP
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CE8302 – SYLLABUS
UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS
Fluid — definition, distinction between solid and fluid — Units and dimensions — Properties of fluids — density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, viscosity, compressibility, vapour pressure, capillarity and surface tension — Fluid statics: concept of fluid static pressure, absolute and gauge pressures — pressure measurements by manometers-forces on planes — centre of pressure — buoyancy and floatation.
UNIT II FLUID KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS
Fluid Kinematics — Classification and types of flow — velocity field and acceleration — continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)- stream line-streak line-path line- stream function — velocity potential function — flow net. Fluid dynamics — equations of motion -Euler?s equation along a streamline — Bernoulli?s equation — applications — venturi meter, orifice meter and Pitot tube- linear momentum equation and its application to pipe bend.
UNIT III DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND MODEL STUDIES
Fundamental dimensions — dimensional homogeneity — Rayleigh?s method and Buckingham Pi- theorem — dimensionless parameters — similitudes and model studies — distorted models.
UNIT IV FLOW THROUGH PIPES
Reynold?s experiment — laminar flow through circular pipe (Hagen poiseulle?s) — hydraulic and energy gradient — flow through pipes — Darcy — Weisbach?s equation — pipe roughness -friction factor- Moody?s diagram- major and minor losses of flow in pipes — pipes in series and in parallel.
UNIT V BOUNDARY LAYER
Boundary layer — definition- boundary layer on a flat plate — laminar and turbulent boundary layer- displacement, energy and momentum thickness — Momentum integral equation-Boundary layer separation and control — drag on flat plate.